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Georges Braque (1882-1963)

Born in Agenteuil-sur-Seine, France, Georges Braque would join Pablo Picasso as becoming the founders of Cubism. Braque originally started as a house painter, but moved to Paris in 1902 where he attended the Academie Humbert studying art. Braque had his first exhibition at the Salon des Independents in 1905. He initially painted in the style of the Fauves until 1907, and was infatuated with their bold colors and wild brush strokes.


Antwerp Harbor, 1905


The House Behind the Trees, 1905


The Yellow Sea Coast 1906


Landscape at La Ciotat 1907

By 1908, Braque had discovered Cezanne and it is said that this influence is what triggered the Cubist movement. From this time until 1913, Braque studied light and emulated Cezanne's style. Braque met Picasso in 1909 and discovered that he too was working on simplified "cube" forms and light study.


Fauve Landscape


L'Estaque, 1908


Cubist Landscape


Cubist Nude

The two artists continued to work together, trying new styles like collage until Braque was mobilized for World War I in 1914.


Femme a la Guitar


The Round Table 1929


The Studio 1939

Wounded from the war, Braque returned to Paris in 1917, and continued working without Picasso. Braque continued painting for the rest of his life, and like Picasso, started focusing more on the human form as opposed to landscape. During his lifetime he also worked in prints and sculpture, as well as engraving, typography and wood graining. In the 1920s, Braque's style touched on Classical, but he still retained his Cubist and Fauve styles. By the 1950s, Braque's health had deteriorated and his work began to slow down. At this time, he was making prints more in the style of his earlier Fauve work.


Three Birds, 1961 etching

Though he worked directly alongside Picasso, there is no mistaking their work. While they were both the first to paint in the style of Cubism (Analytical and Synthetic), their works are distinctly different. Sadly, Braque's name is not as well known as his old friend Picasso. However, Braque held an honor that any artist would dream of: his work was the first ever to be housed in the Louvre during an artists lifetime.

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