Ashcan School (Early 20th Century)
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George Wesley Bellows “Cliff Dwellers”
George Wesley Bellows “A Stag at Sharkey’s”
The Ashcan School, also called the Ash Can School, was a group of twentieth century painters, known for their un-idealized paintings of New York City. The group aimed to show another side of the city, that wouldn’t hide grit, tenements, poverty or litter (like ashcans). They are sometimes referred to as the New York realists, for their attempt to “paint life as it is”.
Robert Henri “Snow in New York”
Robert Henri “Cafferty”
The Ashcan School stemmed from another group of painters, known as The Eight, which was led by Robert Henri, a painter from Philadelphia who moved to to New York in 1900. Henri joined the National Academy in 1905, studying for two years before challenging the institution’s standards. Henri along with seven other painters (Arthur B. Davies, George Luks, William Glackens, John Sloan, Everett Shinn, Maurice Prendergast and Ernest Lawson) held a historical exhibit at the Macbeth Gallery in New York City.
Luks “The Miner”
Luks “Morning Shadows”
The 1908, Macbeth Gallery exhibition was the only time The Eight formally showed together. The show did however tour the country, affiliating itself with the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, where many of the Philadelphia artists had previously studied under instructor Thomas Pollock Anshutz.
Shinn “Bowery Museum”
Shinn “Washington Square”
Sloan “Jefferson Market”
Sloan “South Beach Bathers”
Eventually, six members of The Eight went on to form the Ashcan School: Henri, Glackens, Luks, Lawson, Shinn and Sloan. Other painters associated with the group include Alfred Maurer, George Wesley Bellows, Edward Hopper, and Guy Pène Du Bois.
New York Movie, 1939
Many of the Aschcan artists started out working as illustrators for newspapers, providing on-site sketches before photojournalism took off. Consequently, the artists were not accustomed to painting idealized scenes, but the harsh realities of American life. This became an overriding theme of the Ashcan school.
Lawson “Scene Across the River”
Lawson “Harlem River Valley”
Glackens “Hammerstein’s Roof Garden”
Glackens Tennis at Newport, 1919
The Paintings of the Ashcan school are now in museums and private collections around the world. The Ashcan artists are particularly important for changing the course of art, diminishing the popularity of American Impressionism and giving more artistic freedom to painters. Do you think you own a painting by The Ashcan School? Contact us. We are the experts on The Ashcan School.